Pectus excavatum is a condition in which, instead of being level with the ribs, the breastbone (sternum) is ‘sunken’ so that the middle of the chest looks ‘caved in’. Pectus excavatum affects about one in 1,000 children and is four times as common in boys as in girls. What causes pectus excavatum?
Pectus excavatum is a structural deformity of the anterior thoracic wall in which the sternum and rib cage are shaped abnormally. This produces a caved-in or sunken appearance of the chest. It can either be present at birth or develop after puberty. Pectus excavatum can impair cardiac and respiratory function and cause pain in the chest and back.
Pectus excavatum is a condition in which a person’s breastbone is sunken into his or her chest. In severe cases, pectus excavatum can look as if the center of the chest has been scooped out, leaving a deep dent.
Pectus excavatum can be surgically repaired, but surgery is usually reserved for people who have moderate to severe signs and symptoms. People who have mild signs and symptoms may be helped by physical therapy. Certain exercises can improve posture and increase the degree to which the chest can expand.
Pectus excavatum is the most common form of congenital chest deformity, also referred to as ‘sunken’ or ‘funnel’ chest. Pectus excavatum occurs in an estimated 1 in 300-400 births (Medscape). It’s also 3-5 times more common in men.
Pectus excavatum is a congenital deformity of the chest wall that causes several ribs and the breastbone (sternum) to grow in an inward direction. Usually, the ribs and sternum go outward at the front of the chest. With pectus excavatum, the sternum goes inward to form a depression in the chest.
Pectus Excavatum The most common chest wall deformity, pectus excavatum or sunken chest is most likely caused by abnormal growth of the costal cartilage junction between the ribs and sternum. It can present in toddlers but typically becomes apparent during the growth spurt and puberty.
Pectus excavatum, also known as funnel chest, is a condition where the breastbone of the sufferer grows inward. The breastbone and rib cage grow abnormally, resulting in a dent in the anterior thoracic wall. Pectus excavatum is the main cause of rib flare.
Pectus excavatum is an anomaly of the anterior chest wall where the front chest bone (called the sternum) is sunken inside. This is a relatively common anomaly in the general population, which sometimes can appear during early childhood and become more important later on in life.
Recent studies revealed that pectus excavatum in babies may be genetic. The deformity can result in increased pressure on the heart and lungs during the growing period. Asymmetrical shapes of the deformity are more common in older patients, and not babies. Studies say that 1 out of 500 children struggle with this malformation.