Tennis Leg (Gastrocnemius Strain or Tear) Anatomy. The gastrocnemius muscle is a powerful superficial muscle that is in the back part of the lower leg (the calf). It runs from its two heads just above the knee to the heel, and is involved in standing and walking. Along with the soleus muscle it forms the calf. Gastrocnemius attaches to the foot via the Achilles tendon. Mechanism of Injury …
A calf strain, commonly known as tennis leg involves a tear or partial tearing of one or more of the calf muscles causing pain in the back of the lower leg. The Calf muscles are made up of the gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles which originate just above the back of the knee and the soleus muscle which originates just below the back of the knee.
Tennis leg is an incomplete tear or rupture of the calf muscle in the lower leg. The calf muscles include the superficial gastrocnemius, the larger of the lower leg muscles, and the soleus, the smaller, deeper muscle that runs under the gastrocnemius. The Achilles tendon connects the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles to the heel bone.
A sharp, sudden pain in the back of the lower leg may indicate a condition known as tennis leg. It is mainly caused by a severe medial gastrocnemius strain or rupture. The condition is common among tennis players between 40 and 60 years of age, and involves the two major muscles of the calf: the gastrocnemius and the soleus.
Tennis Leg The term Tennis Leg refers to an acute medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle tear in the older athlete characterized by sudden onset of severe calf pain and significant disability. The injury is invariably associated with extensive bruising and swelling, and can be mistaken for a deep venous thrombosis.
Tennis leg is a painful injury as a result of a tear to the tissue inside the calf. This tear is often incomplete and thus only halfway down the calf. Despite mostly affecting only the calf, the injury is extremely debilitating often putting athletes out of play immediately.
Tennis leg is a condition where there the plantaris muscle and/or the medial head of the gastrocnemius (calf muscle) is torn or ruptured. The plantaris muscle is a slender muscle located at the posterior side of the lower leg. It attaches externally above the knee and travels down the calf posteriorly and inserts into the heel bone.
Tennis leg is not an injury that should require surgery-whether exploratory or for repair. In fact, if the injury is properly treated you’ll eventually be able to return to active play within four to six weeks. The best way to prevent tennis leg is to sufficiently warm up before playing.
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IN RETROSPECT Calf muscle is regarded as the peripheral heart in the human body and plays a major role in locomotion as well. Calf muscle strains/ tennis leg can be a debilitating condition. Failure in proper evaluation and rehabilitation can not only prolong the patient’s recovery but may also pre maturely end a person’s career as an athlete. So it is important to prevent worsening of the condition as well as prevent recurrence of injury.
Originally posted 2020-03-03 17:46:54.